「中考」最新初中英语考纲——词组清单

「中考」最新初中英语考纲——词组清单

最新初中英语考纲——词组清单

A

a bit (of ) 有一点儿

a couple of 两个;几个

a kind of 一种;一类

a lot of/lots of 许多

a pair of 一双;一副

a piece of 一(块,张,片,件)

above all 首先,尤其; 最重要的是

according to 按照;根据

add…to 加上

after all 终究;毕竟

agree with sb. 同意某人的意见

all over 到处

all right 行了;好吧;(病)好了

all the way 一路上

and so on 等等

apologize to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人道歉

arrive at/ in a place 到达某地

as…as 像……一样;如同

as long as 只要

as soon as 一……就

as well 也;又

ask for 请求;寻求

at breakfast/lunch/supper 早/午/晚餐时

at first/last 起先;开始的时候/最后;终于

at home 在家(里)

at least/most 至少/至多

at once 立刻;马上

at present 现在,目前

at the end of 在……结束的时候

at the same time 同时

at /on weekends 在周末

at work 在工作

B

based on 以……为依据;以……为基础

be able to 能够(有能力)

be afraid of 害怕

be angry with sb. 生某人的气

be bad for 有害于

be born 出生

be busy with/doing sth. 忙于做某事

be careful with 小心

be connected to/with 与……有联系

be covered with 被……覆盖

be different from 与……不同

be/get familiar to/with 对……熟悉;通晓

be famous for 以……而著名

be fond of 爱好

be full of 充满

be good/poor at 擅长于/对……比较差

be interested in 对……感兴趣

be keen on 喜爱

be late for ……迟到

be located (in /on/at) 位于

be made of 由……制成

be made up of 由……组成

be pleased with 对……满意

be proud of 为……而感到自豪

be ready for 为……作准备

be responsible for 对……负责任

be satisfied with 对……感到满意

be similar to 与……类似

be strict with 对……严格

be supposed to 应该,被期望

be surprised at 对……感到惊奇

be thankful to sb. 对某人很感激

be used to 习惯于

because of 由于

belong to 属于

big deal 大人物;了不起的事

both…and 两者都

break into 闯入;破门而入

break down 损坏;衰弱下来

by bus/train/plane 乘公共汽车/火车/飞机

by oneself 亲自

by the way 顺便说;顺便问一下

C

calm down 使……平静

care for 照顾;喜欢

catch (a) cold 着凉;伤风

change one’s mind 改变主意

check in 办理登机;登记(入住等)

come from 出生于;来自

come on 快;走吧;跟我来

come to an end 结束

come true 实现

communicate with 与……交流

compete with 与……竞争;与……攀比

complain about 投诉;抱怨

consist of 由……组成

cut down 砍倒;削减

D

deal with 处理

depend on 依靠,依赖

die of 因……(病)而死

do harm to 对……有害;损害

do one’s best 尽最大努力

do sb. a favour 帮某人忙

do some shopping 买东西

dream of 想到

dress up (穿着)打扮

E

each other 互相

encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事

enjoy oneself 过得愉快

even if 哪怕;虽然;即使,纵然

F

fall asleep 入睡

far away (from) (离)遥远

fill in 填充;填写

find out 找出;查明;了解

focus on 聚焦于

for example 例如

for free 免费

for the first time 第一次

for the time being 暂时;眼下

from time to time 不时;有时

G

get along/on (with) 进展;与……相处

get into the habit of 养成……的习惯

get off 下车

get on 上车

get ready for 为……作准备

get rid of 摆脱

get tired of 对……感到厌倦

get to 到达

get up 起床

give sb. a hand 助某人一臂之力

give up 放弃

go ahead 先走;向前走;去吧;干吧

go for a swim 去游泳

go home 回家

go in for 参加;从事于;酷爱

go on 继续

go on a diet 实行节食

go on a picnic 去野餐

go on with/doing sth. 继续做某事

go out 外出;熄灭

go over 复习;仔细地再读一遍

go shopping 去购物

go sightseeing 去观光

go to (the) hospital 去医院(看病)

go to bed 就寝

go to college 上大学

go to school 上学

go to sleep 入睡

go to the cinema/movie(s) 去看电影

go wrong 出错

grow up 成年;长大

H

had better 最好还是;还是……好

hand in 上交

happen to do 碰巧做

happen to sb. 发生到某人身上

have (got) to 不得不

have a class/lesson 上课

have a good time 玩得很愉快;过得很愉快

have breakfast 吃早餐

have no idea 不清楚

have pity on sb. 怜悯某人

have sports 进行体育活动

hear from 收到……来信

hear of 听说

help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

here and there 到处

hold a meeting 举行会议

hold on 等一等(别挂电话)

hold ones breath 屏住呼吸

huge amounts of 大量的

I

in addition 另外

in a hurry 匆忙

in all 总共

in a minute 一会儿

in brief 简而言之

in charge of 主管,负责

in class 在课上

in danger 处于危险中

in English 用英语

in fact 事实上;实际上

in favour of 赞成

in front of 在……前面

in hospital 住院

in one’s fifties 在某人五十多岁时

in one’s opinion 根据某人的看法

in order to 为了

in other words 换句话说

in return 作为回报

in surprise 惊奇地

in the end 最后;终于

in the future 在将来

in the middle of 在……中间

in the past 在过去,从前

in this way 这样

in time 及时

in trouble 处于困境中

instead of 代替;而不是

J

jump to a conclusion 贸然断定;草率决定

just now 刚才

K

keep a diary 记日记

keep doing sth. 继续做某事

keep fit 保持健康

keep…from 阻止;使……免于

keep in touch (with) (与……)保持联系

keep off 阻挡;不让……接近

keep quiet 保持安静

keep sb. busy 让某人忙个不停

L

laugh at 嘲笑

lay the table (饭前)摆好餐具

learn from 向……学习

leave (secondary) school (中学)毕业

leave a message 留个口信

leave for 动身去

less/more than 少于/多于

listen to 听……(讲话)

live on 靠……为生

look after 照料;照顾

look at 看;观看

look for 寻找

look forward to 期待着

look like 看上去像

look out 注意;留神

look up 查寻;抬头看

lose ones life 丧生

lose ones way 迷路

lose temper 发脾气

lose weight 减肥

M

make a decision 作出决定

make a film 拍电影

make a fire 生火

make a living 谋生

make a mistake 出差错;犯错误

make a noise 弄出声

make friends with 与……交朋友

make fun of 拿……开玩笑

make money 挣钱;赚钱

make progress 取得进步

make the bed 整理床铺

make up ones mind 下决心

mobile phone 手机

N

next to 紧挨着;紧靠着

no longer/not…any longer 不再

not…at all (用来加强语气)一点也不,根本不

now and then/again 时而;偶尔

O

of course 当然

on average 平均;通常

on business 有事;出差

on foot 步行;走路

on holiday 在休假

on ones side 在某人一边

on the phone 在听电话

on the other hand 另外一方面

on the/ones way (to) 在去……路上

on time 准时

on weekdays 在工作日

once every four years 每四年一次

once more/again 再次

one after another 一个接一个,连续地

out of 从……里出来;缺乏

out of date 过时

over and over 再三;一次次

P

pay for 付……钱;买

pay attention to 注意

pick out 挑选出

pick up 拾起

play a trick on 捉弄

play with 玩耍,摆弄

plenty of 大量的,充足的

point out 指出

praise sb. for sth. 为某事表扬某人

prefer…to (比起……来)更喜欢

prepare for 准备

prevent…from 阻止……做

protect…from 保护……免受

provide…with 向……提供

put off 延期

put on 穿上;戴上;上演

put out 扑灭

put up 举起;挂起

R

refer to 参考;涉及;指的是

rely on 依靠

run away 逃跑

run out of 用完;耗尽

S

save one’s life 挽救某人生命

search for 搜寻;搜查

see…off 为……送行

sell out 售完

set out 动身,出发;着手做

shake hands with 与……握手

share…with 与……分享

shopping mall 大商场,大型购物中心

show off 炫耀

show sb. around 带某人参观 shut up 住口

so far 到目前为止

so that (表示目的)为了,以便

some day 将来有一天

sooner or later 迟早

stand for 代表

stay up 熬夜

stop…from 阻止……做

such as 例如

surf the Internet 上网

T

take a look 看一看

take an underground 乘地铁

take a message for sb. 给某人捎个口信

take action 采取行动

take away 拿走

take care of 照料

take charge of 负责,管理

take hold of 抓住

take notes 记笔记

take off 脱掉(衣物等);起飞

take one’s advice 听从某人劝告

take out 取出

take part in 参加

take place 发生;举行

take the place of 取代 take up 开始从事

talk about 谈到

talk to/with sb. 与某人谈话

tell…from 区别;分辨

tell a lie 说谎

the same…as 与……同样

the week after next 下下周

think about 考虑(做某事的可行性)

think of 想起;想到

think over 仔细考虑

throw away 扔掉

to one’s joy/surprise 使某人高兴/惊奇的是

too…to 太……以至不能

tour guide 导游

try on 试穿

turn down/up (把音量)调低/高

turn into 变成

turn off 关掉(电灯,电视,收音机等)

turn on 开,旋开(电灯,电视,收音机等)

turn out 结果是;证明是

turn over 翻(车);翻(页);翻身

U

used to 过去常常

W

wait for 等候;等待

wake up 醒来;叫醒

whats more 而且

with great care 非常小心

with pleasure 愉快地

with the help of 在……的帮助下

work out 做出;算出;制定出

worry about 为……而担心

would like/love (to) 想要(表示喜欢,愿意),很想;很愿意

would rather 宁愿,宁可

风马牛及

风马牛及

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